Sports Nutrition

article-square-pycnogenol-horphag-researchPycnogenol®, Arborvitae and Sports Nutrition

Pycnogenol is the purest form of maritime pine bark extract available, and is the primary active ingredient in Arborvitae’s range of natural supplements.

Incorporating Pycnogenol® into your daily routine lends many health benefits for sports nutrition.

There are several important ways Pycnogenol helps our body adjust to physical activities and strenuous exercise. First, the superantioxidant properties make it ideal to fight dangerous effects of free radicals as a result of exercise which demands excess energy from the body. Free radicals can lead to aging and degenerative health conditions. Additionally, oxidative stress can affect muscle tissue and possibly rupture muscle cells. According to research published in Lipids, Pycnogenol will significantly extend the antioxidant network in a performing athlete.

Strenuous exercise is known to involve muscle damage, which may be followed by symptoms of inflammation. One of Pycnogenol’s core mechanisms of action is its anti-inflammatory effects.

Pycnogenol’s Role as a Sports Nutrition Energy Enhancer

Physical exercise increases our body’s need for oxygen. The blood flow characteristics play a key role for oxygen supply to muscle, return of carbon dioxide to the lungs and delivery of lactic acid to the liver. Only sufficient muscle oxygenation warrants aerobic energy generation and prevents anaerobic build-up of lactic acid. Research in General Physiology and Biophysics demonstrated Pycnogenol’s ability to improve blood flow characteristics, helping the body achieve peak muscle performance and integrity.

Nitric oxide (NO), the most prominent vascular mediator, enhances blood flow and plays a key role for the vascular response to exercise. Pycnogenol has the capacity to support vascular requirements during exercise and accelerates production of endothelial nitric oxide. If the body experiences insufficient production of NO, the blood flow is impaired.

The link between this super antioxidant and sports endurance was first studied several years ago at California State University. Recreational athletes showed an increase of athlete endurance while supplementing with Pycnogenol as compared to endurance recorded from participants taking the placebo.

Pycnogenol’s Role in Muscle Recovery, Pain and Cramp Reduction

Muscle cramping is a common problem for people of all ages, ranging from the fit to people who suffer from health problems. An increase in physical activity can lend itself to sore muscles and fatigue, which can take several days to subside.

A study published in Angiology shows that supplementation with Pycnogenol improves blood flow to the muscles which speeds recovery after physical exercise. The study demonstrated that Pycnogenol significantly reduces muscular pain and cramps in athletes and healthy, normal individuals. Poor circulation in the muscle is known to cause cramps and the antioxidant improved the cramping in patients due to a stimulation of blood flow to their muscle tissue.

According to one of the lead researchers of the study Dr. Peter Rohdewald, the findings indicate that Pycnogenol can play an important role in sports by improving blood flow to the muscles and hastening postexercise recovery. This is great news to the millions of athletes worldwide and extremely significant for all individuals interested in muscle cramp and pain relief with a natural approach.

As new research breakthroughs on Pycnogenol for sports nutrition continue to be discovered, the findings thus far seem to indicate that Pycnogenol plays an important role for sports nutrition.

*** [Extract from editor/publisher Lyle Hurd]

Sports Nutrition Benefits From Pycnogenol & Arborvitae Natural Supplements: Findings From Independent Clinical Trials

Click here to read the Horphag Research report explaining Pycnogenol’s sports nutrition benefits.

Sports Nutrition – Research Abstract

Click on the image above to read the full Sports Nutrition report by Horphag Research

The experience from several clinical trials suggests that Pycnogenol is effective in protecting muscles from harm during sports, enhancing performance and endurance, speeding up the recovery, and allowing for faster retraining.

Physical exercise goes along with a dramatically increased oxidation of nutrients to meet the shooting up energy demand. Numerous physiological systems and many biochemical interactions are taking place during exercise. Yet, the most significant and performance limiting interplay is taking place between the cardio-respiratory system and skeletal muscle. This is obvious already from the typical 10 to 20-fold increase in inhaled oxygen over rest.Pycnogenol relaxes blood vessels and improves blood blow

Nitric oxide (NO) is the key mediator signaling dilatation of blood vessels to ensure optimal blood flow. NO contributes to increased exercise-induced blood perfusion of organs and plays a key role for coordinating vascular response to exercise. Recent clinical trials have indicated that exercise training is associated with a sustained and systemic increase in the capacity for endothelial nitric oxide production [Gliemann et al., 2014]. Pycnogenol stimulates the enzyme “endothelial nitric oxide synthase” (eNOS) for enhanced generation of NO from the precursor molecule L-arginine.

Pycnogenol enhances blood microcirculation

Two clinical studies have shown that Pycnogenol causes vasodilatation and consequently improves blood microcirculation and therefore tissue perfusion [Wang et al., 1999; Kohama, 2004].

Other sports nutrition benefits and insights covered in the report:

  • Strengthening of blood vessel and support of tissue recuperation
  • Pycnogenol alleviates cramping and muscular pain
  • Pycnogenol enhances sports endurance
  • Pycnogenol improves sport performance, endurance, recovery and oxidative stress


Source: Horphag Research


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